Category Archives: Referencing style

The how tos of the APA referencing style

What’s in a Name? Authors With the Same Surname

By: Chelsea Lee Source: A rose by any other name would smell as sweet, right? Readers often ask us questions about how to handle repeated surnames in references. For example, how do you cite a work where some or all of the authors have the same last name? What if you want to cite separate […]
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How to cite a YouTube comment (APA)

By: David Becker September 21, 2016 Source: When researching a topic for your paper or manuscript, you may come across a few relevant YouTube videos—perhaps a TED Talk or two—that you would like to cite. Being the intrepid explorer of the Internet that you are, you may even brave those videos’ comment threads, desperately […]
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When and how to include page numbers in APA style citations

by Chelsea Lee All APA Style in-text citations have two parts: the author and the date. Some in-text citations also include page numbers (or other location information when page numbers are not available, as with some online materials). This post describes when and how to include page numbers in APA Style for different kinds of […]
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Should links be live in APA style?

by Chelsea Lee Dear Style Experts, My reference list includes many URLs and I am wondering whether they should be live and how they should be formatted (e.g., with underlining or blue font). In the Publication Manual it looks like links aren’t live, but it would be helpful for them to be in my paper […]
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How to cite an article with an article number instead of a page range

by Chelsea Lee Several online-only journals publish articles that have article numbers rather than unique page ranges. That is, instead of the first article in the issue starting on page 1, the second on page 20, the third on page 47, and so on, every article starts on page 1. Why choose this approach? Because […]
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How to cite a hashtag in #APAStyle

by Timothy McAdoo Note: To learn how to cite individual tweets or posts that include hashtags, see our post on citing social media. This post is about how to talk about the hashtags themselves. The hashtag as an organizational tool wasn’t born on Twitter, but that’s where I, and many others, first saw it used […]
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How to cite software in APA Style

by Timothy McAdoo The Publication Manual specifies that a reference is not necessary for “standard software.” What is “standard”? Examples are Microsoft Word, Java, and Adobe Photoshop. Even less ubiquitous software, like SPSS or SAS, does not need to be referenced. Note: We don’t keep a comprehensive list of what programs are “standard.” You make […]
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When to include retrieval dates for online sources

According to David Becker from the APA Style Blog, retrieval dates are essential “for  material that is subject to frequent change, such as Wikipedia entries. Because this information is designed to be constantly updated, it’s important to let readers know when you retrieved it.” Source: APA Style Blog

How to use the new DOI format in APA style

by Jeff Hume-Pratuch In the sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual, DOIs are formatted according to the initial recommendations from CrossRef: Herbst, D. M., Griffith, N. R., & Slama, K. M. (2014). Rodeo cowboys: Conforming to masculine norms and help- seeking behaviors for depression. Journal of Rural Mental Health, 38, 20–35. doi:10.1037/rmh0000008 The DOI […]
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